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Anthropology of culture deals with man in the most important aspect of his humanity – in the aspect of culture and, what is particularly important, captures it in connection with man as its producer in a specific time and place. One of the ways to implement human relations with the world in the field of culture is material commitment to the creation of inhabited space. This relationship is two-way, culture influences the shape of human products, and at the same time undergoes changes under the influence of human actions. In a special way, this relation can be observed in the area of activity of architects and urban planners, whose decisions are strongly dependent on the conditions present in a given community, but who at the same time try to improve the quality and organize the social life of users through their work. The beginning of the interest of anthropologists in architecture and architects in anthropology, that is, „production” and use of space by humans dates back to the late 1960s, interdisciplinary research conducted in these fields has resulted in a number of important concepts that allow a deeper consideration of the perspective of human psychophysical conditions in the design process architectural and urban planning.